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A guide to operating through Khartoum (HSSK/KRT) & introducing Sudan and its hidden gems

Updated: Jun 18

Located in the north-eastern quarter of Africa, Sudan boasts a Red Sea coastline and shares its borders with 7 very devise countries including Egypt and Libya to the north, Chad to the west, the Central African Republic (CAR) South Sudan and Ethiopia to the south and Eritrea to the east.


This strategic location sees the Sudanese airspace provide one of the main passing points for the majority of traffic coming from Europe to many Southern African countries, and from the Middle East to many African countries as well as South America via the mid-Atlantic routes.


Fact time: Did you know that a Sudan overflight permit also covers you for overflying South Sudan?


The Sudan Civil Aviation Authority SCAA developed the PBN Implementation Plan or Roadmap to plan a gradual transition to the RNAV and RNP concepts, designed to deliver airlines and aircraft operators with the plan for future equipment and navigation capability investments.


RNAV Current status in Sudan (routes) The following RNV routes are established within Khartoum Airspace:

  • Route UM863 as RNV 10 linking the Gulf with West Africa

  • Route UT124 as RNV 10 linking East Africa with Europe

  • Routes UQ584 as RNV 10 linking the Gulf with West Africa down South America

  • Route UT535 linking Juba with East Africa

  • Route UT139 as RNAV 10 linking east Africa with West Africa.

  • Route UT142 linking East Africa with North-West Africa.

With increasing traffic demands the Sudan CAA have adapted their Open sky policy to accommodate a growing volume of air traffic to increase its airspace and airport capacities, with a restructuring of the Sudan airspace, designed to increase efficiency, flight predictability and airspace capacity, while reducing fuel burn, emissions and controller-pilot communications, thereby enhance safety, and make Sudan airspace routes harmonize with MID/AFI routes.


GNSS will be used as primary means of navigation within Sudan providing a permanent backup system to support a healthy aviation eco-system and continuous services.


Fact time: Egypt with its 138 pyramids including the Great Pyramids of Giza is the traditional destination for tourists seeking out these wonders, but it is not as commonly know that Sudan has up to 255 pyramids of its own. Whilst not soaring to the height of their Egyptian neighbours, Sudan can claim nearly twice the number of pyramids!


Khartoum International Airport is the largest airport in Sudan, with Terminal 1&2 serving international flights alongside flights catering for the Hajj and Umrah seasons. Hajj and Umrah Terminal is consider as Terminal 3 that can also accommodate departing and arriving passenger during the Hajj and Umrah seasons and all year-round domestic flights. Boasting a VIP Terminal, a Presidential Terminal that serves only government flights only, and a Cargo Terminal that handles large amounts of fruit, vegetable and gold movements!


It is advisable for all VIP, governmental and cargo operators to arrange landing permits, ground handling, CIQ assistance, inflight catering and crew/passenger ground transport in advance to ensure smooth operations.


Khartoum airport is not a slot-controlled airport however Permit and Clearance authorisation is needed to land at Aerodromes in all Sudan airports. Sudan Landing Clearance has a validity of + 72 hours around your planned operations to allow for delays or schedule changes. The SCAA is responsible for issuing landing clearances and you need to allow at least 72 hours prior to your ETA for your request to be submitted to the authority. All passengers must undergo CIQ while the crew can enter on General Declaration (GD) which will allow them to stay to the maximum of 72 hours / 3 days, beyond that a visa will be required which can be obtained on arrival for many nationalities.


For Covid-19 restrictions, all arriving at Khartoum Airport either crew or passenger t must possess negative PCR Test results with a validity of 72 hours to enter Sudan. No quarantine for crew or passenger, but they are recommended to maintain self-isolate. these procedures are frequently changing due to Health Committee in the Airport.


Fact time: Khartoum International Airport changed its ICAO code on 04th March this year (2021) from HSSS to HSSK.


The following airport can be considered as an alternative to HSSK/KRT:


Useful Airport Information

  • Airport name: Khartoum International Airport

  • ICAO indicator: HSSK

  • IATA indicator: KRT

  • Code reference: 4E

  • GPS Location: N15-35.4/E032-33.2

  • Elevation (ASL): 1271 FT

  • Tower Freq: 119.2

  • Runway: 1 Runway 18/36 = 9976 x 148ft

  • PCN: 092FWCT